Joints enable movement of the limbs and other body parts. They form a connection between two or more bones and can be either fixed or mobile. A joint is encased by a capsule containing synovial fluid, which nourishes and lubricates a healthy joint and serves as a shock absorber. The joint capsule protects the cartilage surface and contains substances that nourish and lubricate the cartilage. The most important component of synovial fluid is hyaluronic acid, which is similar to egg whites in consistency.

The first reaction in an injured joint is synovitis, inflammation of the inner surface of the joint capsule. With time, the inflammation can be felt and seen in the form of pain, warmth, swelling and limping. At this stage, harmful enzymes have already been released into the synovial fluid, where they decrease its viscosity and the thickness of the hyaluronic acid. The thin, runny fluid is no longer effective as a shock absorber, and the already damaged cartilage degenerates further, releasing more harmful enzymes. Arthritis (joint inflammation) is the body’s response to tissue damage that may be caused by pressure, repetitive strain, or external force. Bacteria can also cause tissue damage. Osteoarthritis (degenerative arthritis) is a joint disease that causes inflammation. Bone surfaces in contact with each other are covered by protective cartilage. In osteoarthritis, the cartilage tissue of the joint surfaces degenerates (becomes softer and loses elasticity) and may ultimately break down.

The PhysioTouch and LymphaTouch treatment method is used to stimulate metabolic activity in the joint while removing harmful proteins and inflammatory agents and reducing swelling. It also activates an anti-inflammatory process that encourages the production of hyaluronic acid to lubricate the joint. PhysioTouch or LymphaTouch therapy improves the range of motion in the joint, reducing pain and accelerating the healing process.